A Hawaii Fishing Vacation

I really didn't need a cup of coffee. Yet I find myself here, at Starbucks, across the University of Seattle, with coffee in hand wondering if there's anything fun that can come out of today.

It seems ironic that we left the "high-eighties" in Hawaii thinking we were headed to the cooler, maybe even rainy, Pacific northwest! Instead we are greeted by temperatures that made what we left seem cool! With some time to kill while the students I accompanied here attend their workshops, it would seem a great opportunity to break away and enjoy the city. Seattle is a wonderful place and the quick drive into town from the airport last night reinforced my appreciation for the impressive architecture, the exciting waterfront, the greenery, and overall charm which I've admired on this and each of my two prior visits.

Today, I am in a different mood. It may be that the heat is intense enough to make any sightseeing pursuit more a feat of endurance than a pleasant pastime. Or perhaps I realize that anything that seems the run out to Tillicum Village, or exploring the shores of Puget Sound or Lake Washington would only make we wish I had my fishing gear to really enjoy being here. But then, even if I did have my gear, I know neither where to go nor what to do to in these waters that are completely foreign to me!

So, I sit here in Starbucks, where the air-conditioned comfort seems more pleasant than anything else I can think of doing today. My thoughts drift back to my part of the world, Hawaii. I can't help but wonder how many visitors to the islands are feeling this same, "it's nice to be here but I'd really be just as happy fishing back at home!" I also wonder how many, like me, go through the tourist "must-dos" and bypass fishing altogether because Hawaii beaches, while great for tanning and swimming, seem just a bit too "foreign" to them!

For the fishing Mecca that Hawaii is, relatively few will do some serious fishing outside of the pricey options that grace the tourist publications that are literally everywhere you turn. Certainly, we'd all love to charter a sport fishing boat, but how many of us have the budget to do something like that more than once or twice? Most will agree that a day of fishing does not a vacation make. But a week or more spent doing our favorite activity in a new and promising environment could very well be the closest thing to heaven imaginable.

So how do you begin to prepare for a Hawaii fishing vacation? Read on, it might be simpler, more enjoyable, and less expensive than you think!

Get A Home Base

Looking at a condo or vacation rental home rather than a hotel room is a great start to setting yourself up for a serious island fishing. Aside from offering kitchen facilities and more space, condos or vacation rental homes come at a relatively lower cost than equivalent hotel rooms. And while the price of a rental might initially seem out of range, the actual number of people that can be accommodated in these units and the ability to prepare your own meals will result in an overall decrease in your daily expenses.

What's more, condos and vacation rentals will allow you the full impact of your fishing vacation for you'll find, in Hawaii, the fishing experience goes far beyond the catch. If you've ever enjoyed the many and varied ways that fish is prepared in the islands, you'll know that enjoying your catch at the table is as much a part of fishing as is the fight! The opportunity to experiment with different local recipes will enhance your vacation experience and the ability to wow your friends back home with some exotic (many quite simple, too!) dishes you've learned to prepare will probably be the most treasured souvenir of your entire vacation!

Try Some Local Fishing Techniques...

We could spend hours and not scratch the surface of fishing in Hawaii. But one or two days of purposeful (and genuinely interesting) investigation can get you ready for some serious fishing fun in Hawaii that is not only productive and exciting but quite inexpensive as well.

Pick up a book about Hawaii fishing and add to that a visit to the local fish markets and fishing supply stores to learn about the edible fish and which to expect in different types of waters.


If you've developed some proficiency snorkeling or diving, visit any of a number of "mom & pop" fishing supply stores on the islands and ask them to show you a "Hawaiian sling," a simple inexpensive spear with a rubber tube that's probably the most popular piece of hardware for catching fish in Hawaii!

Many of us local enthusiasts started out with these simple spears and continue using them today!


If you prefer fishing from the shore, you'll find Hawaii's coastlines offer a range of different conditions for a variety of fishing techniques ranging from a simple hand-pole to the most sophisticated fly- and surf-casting! The small size of the islands make it possible to spend a day or two looking for possible fishing spots on one day, talking to fishing supply people and those you come across on the beaches... then going it on your own the next day! Before you realize it you've already enjoyed yourself touring the island... meeting island folks with whom you share a common love... and you haven't blown a load of money trying to entertain yourself!

If you're looking to cut the learning curve, there are a couple of shorefishing guides that can take you out for a day and provide you with a sufficient background in that time to enable you to go it on your own the rest of your vacation while feeling quite confident about what you're doing.

Kayak Fishing

Fast becoming a sport unto itself, kayak fishing has become a venue for those with limited budgets and/or the desire to pursue an exhilarating form of fishing. Hawaii kayak fishermen are regularly boating such sport fish as amberjacks, tuna, dolphin-fish, wahoo, and more as well as smaller reef game fish that are equally enjoyable cooked up!

Of course it'll take a bit more planning to set-up your equipment and plans for some serious kayak fishing but if it sounds appealing to you now, you might not want to do anything else during your entire stay. Everyone who's done it will attest that landing a decent-sized fish on a kayak is an experience to which one can easily become addicted!

A Permanent Trophy

In the very possible event you land a fish worthy of permanent display, look into some of the local gyotaku artists. Here is a process where an imprint of your fish is made by applying a non-toxic paint to your fish then using the "painted" fish to imprint its image onto a piece of cloth. It's an old Japanese method serving the same function as taxidermy which allows for the fish to be eaten. Yes, you can forever display your fish and eat it, too!

Just as it is fishing back at home, nothing can guarantee you'll catch what you're fishing for. But I'm confident that the time you spend planning for a Hawaii fishing vacation will be as enjoyable as any itinerary you've ever prepared and the subsequent trip might just be the paradise you were really looking for!

Yes... a Hawaii fishing vacation. Give it some thought because the possibilities are endless. I could go on forever but, perhaps, I can share more later. Right now, I think I'll head down to the waterfront and find out what folks are catching on Puget Sound!

Barbs Are Fun Exotic Fish For Your Tropical Fish Tank

Barbs for Aquariums

Barbs are fun to have zipping around your fish tank.  They usually average 2"- 3" in size.  Barbs need to be paired up with similar fish in the tropical community.  Can you see the trend?  Tropical fish are normally the fish for your aquarium.  Barbs are Omnivores.  They eat both plant and animals like prepared and live foods.  You can toss Fish Flakes or Pellets to feed your Barb.  Romaine Lettuce, zucchini and peas are also a good source of food for your Barb, don't be shy to mix it up a little with the food.  Freeze-Dried Blood worms, tubifex worms and other small worms, mosquito larvae and daphnia are the specialty foods for your Barb.  You don't want to clean a bunch of leftovers so be sure to provide enough food that your Barb will eat in 3 minutes or so.

Barbs are usually middle swimmers, meaning you find them in the middle of the fish tank moving about.  Barbs are most active and playful swimmer and like to tease and nip at the fins of slower moving fish.  The Barb is like the prankster at the school yard.  Only his domain is the aquarium.  Barbs move about with 2 or 3 other Barbs to keep the group tough.  When Barbs are alone they tend to seclude themselves from the rest of the aquarium fish.  So be sure to buy a few of their buddies so it can be more playful in the fish tank.

Other Common Barbs for your fish tank include Tiger Barbs, Cherry Barbs, Rosy Barbs and Tinfoil Barbs.

African Cichlids and Exotic Tropical Fish Tanks

African Cichlids are in the tropical semi-aggressive community and grow from 4? to 8? or more. These are a long lasting fish living up to 20 years! African Cichlids are versatile in the fish tank, they spend their time in the middle level in the water. You can find the African Cichlids scooting from top to bottom. African Cichlids are great for a community aquarium but they are semi-aggressive. Cichlids are territorial, and can eat smaller fish. You can put these fish with other fish but be sure they have similar temperaments and are similar in size or the Cichlid will begin to rule the roost.

African Cichlids are carnivores but they can als chow down on some plants. Prepared foods such as vegetables and live foods like worms suit the fish well for it's diet. You can feed African Cichlids fish flakes, frozen foods, live foodes from tubifex worms to daphnia. They even gorge down mosquito larvae, worms and brine shrimp. Remember to supplement your African Cichlids diet by tossing in some veggies. For some reason fish like zuccini. It's the universal veggie, but peas and romaine lettuce will work too. Feed what the cichlid will eat up to 3 minutes and alternate between meat and vegitation to keep your African Cichlids diet in sync.

Fish Tip: Place your fish tank in a low traffic area away from exposing sunlight and AC/Heat vents to keep your tanks water temperature controled.

Other African Cichlids include the Rock-dwelling Cichlid from Malawi and Tanganyika.

Here are more signs of a happy fish

    * They are eating like champs!
    * Your fish are swimming at the right water level
    * No skin lesions
    * Pure colors
    * Steady gills
    * They are darting around like nemo...

Here are the common indicators your fish is sick

    * They scrape their body on the rocks or rough surfaces
    * White stuff on or around the mouth
    * They may get Red Lines on their fins
    * Golden specks on skin and fins is known as a common problem
    * Parasites on the fish. Can you see them?
    * If your fish seems like it's having consistant gill spasms then you know it may be sick.

Learn How to Care For Betta Fish

Freshwater fish are probably the easiest fish to care for. However, if you plan to stock your aquarium with some of the exotic fish, you really need to learn how to care for Betta fish.

You will need the right size tank for the amount and type of fish you plan on purchasing, proper lighting, gravel, plants, an air pump etc. You cannot just put fish in a water tank and expect them to thrive.

Freshwater fish generally need to be fed about twice daily. You should only put enough food in the tank that can be consumed within the first two to five minutes. It is not uncommon for the novice to over feed the fish and that is not a good thing to do as it will quickly dirty the tank.

When you learn how to care for Betta fish, you will also have a good idea on what to do with the rest of the fish you stock in your tank. The exotic fish variety is not as hardy as a gold fish, need a bit more watching, and care from you.

You need to understand that not all fish are compatible with each other. The male Betta fish can get a little aggressive at times and go after some of the other fish in the tank. They are, after all, what is called a fighting fish.

When you learn how to care for your Betta fish you will acquire much more enjoyment when you sit and watch them in the tank. On reason is because you now know you are doing things right for them and are learning the correct ways to keep them safe.

I remember one day I found a real cool looking rock outside and decided I wanted to put it in the aquarium. I knew enough to realize I could not just drop it in the tank, I had to clean it first.

I boiled the rock for about an hour and then cooled it off in some cold water before inserting it in my fish tank. Everything was good for about two days and then all my fish died. I later found out that that particular rock should never be put into an aquarium, it did something very bad to the PH factor of the water and the exotic fish could not handle the change.

There is more to learn how to care for Betta fish than just putting them into the aquarium. If you overcrowd the fish tank it will cause the fish to suffer from stress. You will recognize that when you see slow moving and lethargic fish.

You will also want to change out the water every so often. Change out only about a third of the water at a time. Make sure you wash your hands first and try not to disturb the fish too much. Remember, you are in their world now and they do not like to be disturbed.

When you actually do learn how to care for Betta fish you will have hours of enjoyment watching them interact with each other in the fish tank. The more you understand their needs the happier they will be and the longer they will live.

Freshwater fish are a joy and a privilege to watch. When you learn how to care for Betta fish you will have hours of enjoyment observing them in their aquarium.

Do not let the care and feeding of your Betta fish, and your other exotic fish, go to chance from your possible ignorance as to what you should be doing to care for them.

Keeping Exotic Fish As Pets

Few things rival the majestic beauty of what Jacques Cousteau famously termed "The Silent World:" the mysterious world underneath the surface of the waves. Fish have a graceful poetry to their movements, and there is a certain pageantry to the Clownfish, the Angelfish, and the puffer. Many people find a tank full of swimming exotic fish to be a soothing, erudite addition to the house, and the collecting of such fish can be a great hobby.

However, keeping a plethora of fish living together in harmony can be a challenge. Many of the most attractively appointed fish tanks feature animals that aren't native to one another, and fish, unlike dogs, are never going to be truly domesticated. Fish tanks are always going to be a matter of Survival of the Fittest, and if you're not prepared for the eventuality of fish eating one another, an aquarium probably isn't right for you.

However, if you are interested in caring for the beauty of underwater life, there are a few questions you'll have to answer before you can (apologies for the pun) dive in:

    * Will your aquarium be freshwater or saltwater? Ocean-dwelling fish require sea water to live, whereas freshwater fish will die in such an environment. You'll have to decide what kind of aquarium you'll have, and what kind of fish you'll be able to keep there. This is perhaps the most important question you'll have to answer before you begin purchasing fish. You should talk to an expert or vet before you commit to a water type, as they will be able to give you more practical information about what this will require.
    * Understand the nitrogen cycle and how it affects your fish. Because many fish and other underwater organisms produce nitrogen waste (which can be dangerous to their health if the tank becomes too full of nitrogen), you will need to provide plants and nitrifiers (a type of bacteria) to reduce the presence of nitrogen in the water.
    * Know how many fish can be supported by your aquarium. The general rule of thumb is that a tank can support 3 cm of adult fish per every 4 litres of water (1 inch of adult fish per gallon), or 1 cm of adult fish per 30 square cm of surface area (1 inch of adult fish per 12 square inches of surface area).

Tropical fish- species review


Blue Hepatus Tang - (Paracanthurus hepatus) - (also known as the Hippo Tang) Next to the Yellow tang, probably one of the most recognized marine fish. They are now in season and small's will soon be mediums. This fish requires moderate care. Now is the time to add one to your existing marine aquarium. Don't know where to find one? Go to the Contact Page on our website and we will do our best to find you a retailer in your area.

Free Saltwater Fish Screensaver Preview

The bottom of the ocean holds enormous treasures but they are extremely hard to get to. This free screensaver gives you that rare chance. View enchanting underwater images of fish and other sea creatures. Dive into the depths and enjoy the beauty of marine life.

Aquarium Cleaning

Ok, so its not expected to go to these lengths to clean your fish tank but this is a good demonstration on the importance of cleaning a fish tank in your general maintenance. A nice aquarium can be a great decor to your room. However, you must keep your aquarium clean. This requires a basic knowledge about how to clean a fish tank and how to maintain it. The equipment you need to clean your fish tank are bucket, net, siphon hose, and sponge. The cleaning process should be fast; you must not take more than an hour, or less, to clean properly your tank.

Cleaning Steps

The first step you must do is to unplug the light and filter. Then, take the bucket and keep it nearby your aquarium; this is to pour the dirty water into the bucket. Then, take the siphon hose (it should be long enough) and put it into the water in the tank. Now, you must begin sucking on the small end of the siphon hose. When the dirty water enters the hose, you must immediately put it into the bucket kept next to you.

If it is a partial cleaning, do not take out more than half the water in from the tank. Remember to clean thoroughly the gravels and aquarium sand. Next, take a sponge or an algae magnet and wipe the inside of the aquarium glass. While you are at it, it is perpetually a smart idea to clean both the inside and outside of the aquarium lid. If the filter is dirty, you must clean it right away. You have to just disconnect the filter from the tank, take it to a sink, and dump the water. Then, thoroughly clean it with a sponge, replace the carbon filter, and supply some freshwater before you reconnect it to your aquarium.

Finally, fill the aquarium tank back up with freshwater, and make sure that you are setting the same temperature for the water in your tank. If the temperature of the water is too hot or too cold, you may give an opportunity to make your aquarium fish sick.

Tips for Fish Tank Maintenance

Even though, using live aquarium plants in your aquarium is not exactly a measure in how to keep your tank clean, it will extremely cut down on the time you take to clean your fish tank. Live plants help your aquarium by using up the waste deposited at the bottom of the fish tank, which improves the quality of your aquarium water. The best way to maintain your fish tank sparkling clean is to avoid mess to begin with. After learning how to clean a fish tank speedily, you will not have any self-justifications to maintain your aquarium for best health and beauty.

One of the easiest ways to keep your fish tank clean is using a power filter. The power filter is basic in the success of keeping your aquarium clean. It is easy to use and very simple to clean. However, you should clean your power filter often, which means you must change the disposable cartridges every three to four weeks.

Fish Aquariums Housed Inside a Fryer, Giant Cylinder

Fish Aquariums Housed Inside a Fryer, Giant Cylinder

Fish Aquariums Housed Inside a Fryer, Giant Cylinder

Fish Aquariums Housed Inside a Fryer, Giant Cylinder

101 Best Aquarium Plants And Fishes Makes Aquascaping

Turn your TV into an Aquarium! Filmed on broadcast-quality cameras, these Freshwater Aquariums are wonderful to watch and relax with. A fish aquarium is designed to offer domesticated marine life with a contained environment that mimics that of their natural habitat.

Fish aquariums are very important to housing domesticated marine life in the home. Adding live plants to an aquarium does more than just improve aesthetics – plants provide shelter, food for vegetarian fish, and prevent green water.

Plants will not only provide your fish with valuable shelters and make your aquarium look beautiful; they will also help you to keep the water quality up. Fish and plants coexist in the wild and will complement each other well in the aquarium. Lush and healthy plants are stunning to look at and will create a much more natural environment in the aquarium.

Whether you are a new or intermediate hobbyist, The 101 Best Aquarium Plants and fishes is the perfect pocket-sized guide for navigating the booming planted aquarium market. The 101 Best Aquarium Plants makes aquascaping and keeping healthy aquatic plants simple by providing clear, expert advice and recommendations that greatly improve the hobbyist.

All this stuff is placed in DVD where filmed to give a feeling of looking at real aquariums with realistically-sized fish. Choose an Aquarium and it will play for approximately 25 minutes before repeating automatically, or use the Play All function to play each of the aquaria in turn for continuously changing images and relaxation.

Regulate with an Aquarium Chiller

Regulate with an Aquarium Chiller

Most Expensive Aquarium Fish

Some consider fish to be the perfect pets. They don’t make a mess, don’t smell bad, don’t make noise, don’t need to be walked and you can put a bunch of them in the same room without worrying about your house getting torn up. You don’t even need to pet them. Of course, you may want to pay just a bit more attention to your fish tank if one of its inhabitants happens to be the most expensive aquarium fish in the world.

This particular aquatic vertebrate is a 15” platinum arowana owned by Aro Dynasty, a Dragon fish breeder based out of Singapore. Its white coloration is an exceedingly rare mutation of the rather common arowana. It is, however, not entirely perfect; its right eye has turned downward. This is a common problem with arowanas—so common, in fact, that many keepers are paying for cosmetic surgery for their prized arowanas.

Aro Dynasty has been offered $80,000 for the platinum arowana. A UK importer even offered the fish for £200,000 (nearly US $400,000). Unfortunately, the fish is not for sale. While we can’t entertain any hopes of ever owning it, those who attended Aquarama 2007 can still say that they have seen the world’s most expensive aquarium fish.

Free Fish Aquarium Screensaver

This is a wonderful screensaver for all diving fans and for those who always wanted to explore the depths of the ocean. Little exotic fish will show you all the nooks of this enchanting world. Enjoy the beauty of marine life with this fascinating aqua screensaver.. Download Free Screensaver - Free, 3D Screensavers.

Ugly Large Aquarium Fish

Ugly Large Aquarium Fish

somewhat ugly fish at the Vancouver Aquarium. Not sure what type it is, - some sort of Catfish??

Created by: Alandrapal.
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Fishing Holidays in Thailand

FishSiam offer professional fishing holidays and guided packages in Thailand for Giant freshwater stingrays (GFS), Arapaima, Giant Mekong Catfish , Barramundi , Giant Siamese Carp , Giant Snakehead plus many more of the worlds largest freshwater fish in Thailand.

Become one of a growing number of anglers who have captured some of the largest freshwater fish ever caught on rod and line whilst participating in our specialist fishing holidays and angling vacations in Thailand.
Recently we have been working in co-operation with the National Geographic Society and the Mega Fishes Project in the study of what is possibly the largest freshwater fish on the planet the Giant Freshwater stingray.

Fishsiam is a conservation minded company which is also involved in the research of Giant Freshwater Stingray throughout the rivers in Thailand with scientists from Chulalongkorn University in Bangkok.

The capture of Monster Fish by Fishsiam anglers and clients in recent years has been well documented in the International media.

This year has seen us appearing in several television productions such as Hooked, Monster Fish of Thailand, Wild Chronicles, Top Ten Monster Fish and Monsters of the Deep in addition to several other shows soon to be released in the coming months.

Moving to domestication of largest fish in Amazon

The Amazon and its tributaries are home to almost one tenth of the world’s freshwater fish biodiversity, 2500 species being recorded. The giant fish Arapaima gigas is one of the most emblematic of these.

Catches in the wild have been declining substantially and fish farming is gradually being developed in the Brazilian and Colombian Amazon to alleviate this. Captive reproduction is one of the main problems hampering aquaculture of Arapaima notably because it is almost impossible to distinguish the sex of the reproductive adults. A new, practically non-invasive, method based on testing of a straightforward blood sample, enabled an IRD team and its Peruvian partner to determine accurately the sex of 100% of nearly 30 specimens. The technique should help improve breeding programmes of this species and at the same time facilitate study and monitoring of wild populations to improve conservation and management strategies.

Arapaima gigas is a giant air-breathing fish, emblematic in the rivers of South America. Known to Brazilians as pirarucu, it inhabits natural lagoons and low-current reaches of Amazonian rivers and is the largest freshwater fish of the South American continent. At adult stage, some specimens can reach several hundred kilograms for a length that sometimes exceeds four metres. This fish with tasty bone-free meat has been the target of intensive fishing since the early XVIIIth Century. One century ago, over 1 200 tonnes of Arapaima was landed each year in the Brazilian port of Belém alone. In 2006, declared catches for the whole of the Amazon Basin reached only 380 tonnes.

Today, it is estimated that the natural population of Arapaima gigas ranges between 50 000 and 100 000 individuals. The species has been put on the IUCN Red List of Endangered Species, and fishing is now strictly regulated. Yet commercial demand is constantly on the increase and, in order to meet this, aquaculture stations for the species are starting up in the Peruvian and the Brazilian Amazon.

Saving El Dorado's freshwater giants

(LIP-jl) -- Aiming to save the paiche, the biggest freshwater fish in the world, a small group of local fishermen from Loreto decided to work for their conservation. The result was a successful example of how resource management is beginning to bear fruit.

If Brazil has the Pantanal and Botswana the Okavango Delta, then Peru should feel proud to count Pacaya-Samiria among its protected natural areas.

More than two million hectares of lakes, swamps and wetlands form this corner of the Amazon forest, creating a true magnet for wildlife.

It is, without doubt, the kingdom of aquatic species, among which the gigantic paiche stands out. Weighing in at up to 300 kilos and measuring some 3 meters, it is the biggest freshwater fish in the world.

In the heart of Pacaya-Samiria lies El Dorado Lake, a remote place of incomparable beauty. Here, among the ancient forests and rivers that resemble mirrors, nature seems to have been protected since the beginning of time.

But it wasn’t always like this. Even out here, many days from Iquitos, the hand of man was about to end the existence of one of the forest’s most valuable resources.

Attracted by the abundance of different species, fishermen came to El Dorado in even greater numbers. The fishing was good, and the boats returned with full cargos to the markets of Iquitos and Belén.

The bonanza lasted for a few years, and then the paiche became scarcer. Each time the fishermen went out they had to go further into the network of rivers and lakes to find fish of a reasonable size.

The forest fell silent. The loud cries of the giant of the jungle were no longer heard. The paiche was on the verge of extinction.
Alarmed by the situation, the fishermen from the riverside community of Manco Cápac decided to do something about it. In coordination with the environmental organization ProNaturaleza and the Reserve’s managers, they initiated a pilot project to preserve the paiche and the region’s other resources.

A company called YacuTayta (in Quechua, literally “the father of the water" was formed. YacuTayta was the first ever communal fishing company whose stated aim was the sustainable development of the resources of the Pacaya-Samiria.

El Dorado now came under the protection of constant patrols and severe sanctions for offenders. Fishing was banned to allow the lakes to recover.

The results were quick in coming. From just four sightings of paiche in 1994, numbers have risen to an estimated 400 in the dark waters of El Dorado. The years of hard work have begun to make sense and the possibilities for short term management are now discernible.

Today, after two years of a self-imposed ban on fishing, the people of Manco Cápac have begun to harvest the lake’s most precious gift once more. The paiche, dry and salty, will be taken to market and the profits from its sale will be shared among all the community’s fishermen.

Thanks to the project’s success, the model developed by YacuTayta has begun to be adopted by neighboring communities. Currently, as many as five communal companies dedicated to the conservation and management of paiche and araguana are working together to protect the rivers and lakes of this part of the Amazon.

The old men smile and the children see a more hopeful future. "There will be paiche for everyone", says Don Manuel, the fishermen’s mayor, while he rolls a cigarette with black tobacco.

Giant Stingrays Found Near Thai City

Recreational fishers and biologist Zeb Hogan (wearing cap) hold a live, 14-foot-long (4.3-meter-long) giant freshwater stingray the fishers caught in the Bang Pakong River in Chachoengsao, Thailand, on March 31, 2008.

After weeks of combing remote Southeast Asian rivers for giant freshwater stingrays—possibly the largest freshwater fish in the world—Hogan finally found the creature near a Thai city. To his surprise, she gave birth soon after capture.

There are accounts of freshwater stingrays growing as large as 1,000 pounds (450 kilograms), which could make them the largest freshwater fish in the world, Hogan said.

The giant river rays are extremely difficult to catch, as they bury themselves in mud when hooked. They routinely break fishers’ lines and bend finger-size hooks straight to escape capture.

The ray’s deadly barb, located at the base of its whiplike tail—and wrapped in a cloth in this picture—can easily puncture skin and bone.

Monster Leviathans: The Planet’s Largest Freshwater Fish That You Probably Didn’t Know About

Obviously the world’s oceans are known to support the majority of the planet’s fish species, but did you know that there are monsters patrolling the world’s fresh waters that are as big as the cars that we drive or can swallow a person whole if they were hungry enough?

hen considering day fishing at our favorite fishing holes, generally we catch fish not bigger than 60 to 75 pounds on a rod and reel. Larger fish are always possible using a trotline or net in deeper water or along river channels. Usually, the majority of us catch hand size bluegill bream, slab crappie, largemouth bass, carp, or catfish (best chance to catch a large fish).

In the United States of America, there are some pretty large freshwater fish lurking the deeps of thousands of miles of rivers, deep lakes, ghostly swamps and the endless tributaries that are the life support of healthy rivers. There are bigger and more formidable freshwater fish prowling the freshwater basins in the more remote parts of the world. Monstrous fish, so huge that some of them are as big as the cars that we drive and others so aggressive that they could possibility swallow a man whole, if they were hungry enough.

Let’s take a look together at the Monster Leviathans: “The Planet’s Largest Freshwater Fish That You Probably Didn’t Know About” and thank our lucky stars that we haven’t come face-to-face with one of these monsters at our favorite fishing or swimming

The Arapaima (as known as the “Paiche”) is one of the largest freshwater fish in the world reaching lengths up to 14 ¾ feet and weighing as much as 440 lbs. A native fish to the Amazon, these fish are commonly raised in commercial farm ponds, because of its delicious meat and protein many poor rural regions of the Amazon can easily obtain.

Angler breaks 85-year record for biggest ever freshwater fish caught by a woman

For 85 years, the record set by legendary angler Georgina Ballantine had seemed untouchable.

Few who have seen the delightful photograph of the slight Miss Ballantine immaculately dressed in tweed hat and coat standing next to her giant catch believed another woman would ever land a freshwater fish bigger than the 64lb salmon she hooked.

But today it was confirmed her record has fallen after housewife Bev Street dramatically landed a monster catfish which tipped the scales at 66lb.

Angler Bev Street, 45, hooked the monster catfish which tipped the scales at 66lb, making it the biggest freshwater fish caught by a woman in Britain

Her success on a week's fishing trip to Bluebell Lakes in Oundle, Cambridgeshire, earlier this month smashed Miss Ballantine's long-standing record for the biggest freshwater fish caught by a woman in Britain.

Angling experts hope that Mrs Street's feat will inspire more women to take up the sport, which is commonly thought of as a male preserve.

Mrs Street, 45, had just gone to bed in her tent on the bank when her electronic rod alarm sounded, heralding the start of her record-breaking catch.

Mother-of-one Mrs Street, who was wearing the camouflage apparel favoured by today's high-tech anglers, said: "There was a terrific bend in my rod, about 90 degrees, and as I picked it up it nearly pulled me in, it was so heavy.

"It took about 30 minutes to reel it in and at one point it got snagged in a weedbed. I was just thinking about putting my rod down when it came free and came towards us.

"It wasn't until it was about 15 yards away when it was lit up by my head-torch that I saw it in all its glory."

Her husband Chris, 38, and another angler had to wade into the water to heave the fish out.
Bev's catch beats the 85-year-old record set by Georgina Ballantine in 1922 when she caught the 64lb salmon (above)

The lake's bailiff was called out to verify the weighing, and it took the three men to lift the fish up and put it in Mrs Street's arms for a photograph.

Mrs Street, of Skegness, Lincolnshire, said: "I knew it was going to be big but it didn't cross my mind that it was going to be a record.

"Even now I can't believe I have broken the Ballantine record. It's taken a long time but at last somebody has done it.

"I'm over the moon and I couldn't sleep for two days afterwards because I was so excited."

Mrs Street took up angling three years ago after being encouraged by her husband, and the couple regularly go on fishing holidays together.

Up until now, her previous biggest catch was a 29lb carp while Mr Street has caught a 44lb specimen before.

It is thought there are only eight catfish weighing more than 60lb in Britain, making her achievement even more remarkable.

Mr Street, a driver, said: "I'm so proud of her, it's just brilliant. It's bigger than anything I have ever caught." Miss Ballantine, part of the Ballantine Whisky family, set the previous record on October 7 in 1922 when she landed the 64lb salmon from a boat on the Glendelvine stretch of the River Tay in Perthshire, Scotland.

Such was its size and strength that she said her arms remained swollen for two weeks afterwards.

Michael Heylin, of the British Record (rod caught) Fish Committee, said: "The Ballantine catch is a very famous record because it was caught when there were hardly any ladies angling. Her record has stood the test of time.

"This new record is brilliant news, it is a massive achievement. Hopefully it will encourage more women to take up the sport, just like Ballantine did."

Of the estimated three million sea and freshwater anglers in Britain, around 300,000 are thought to be women.

Fish Tank Sink

Fish Tank Sink

Aquarium Fish Tank Photos

Aquarium Fish Tank Photos

Tropical Fish - Discus

China is the native place of goldfish and has a goldfish cultivation history of nearly one thousand years, which could be traced back to South Song Period. More than 300 categories of goldfish have been produced after long-term cultivation, which are admired by people for their colorful appearance, graceful gesture and dancing charm.

The goldfishes from China have been loved by people all over the world. The history of goldfish cultivation in our country is traced back to the ancient Suzhou and Hangzhou dubbed"heaven on the earth", where the first generation of goldfish is born. At present the goldfish from Suzhou and Hangzhou have become "Miracles out of Nature's Engineering" and fly to every corner of the world as peace envoy.

Our goldfish ground, located at the bank of Taihu Lake of Suzhou, the heaven on the earth, rests in the arm of hill and water, and has cultivated numerous pet fishes with the clean water of Taihu Lake. Now the headquarter of the enterprise has a cultivation area of 350,00 square meters, and the cultivation base covers 150,000 square meters, with an annual supply of 5,000,000 goldfish and 2,000,000 carps. Our product has won the unanimous appraisal of customers from all countries and all regions with high-rank quality and most favorable price.

Tropical fish swimming north because of global warming

Tropical fish swimming north because of global warming

Scientists looked at the likely impact of a warming climate on the distribution of more than 1,000 species of fish around the globe.

They found fish will shift their distribution by an average of more than 40km each decade. While some fishing grounds will become richer, many species in cooler climates will go extinct.


Biography of Moina.

Biography of Moina.
Moina are invertebrates or aquatic classes called Crustacean they have a scientific Moina macrocopa (Straus) & the Common Water flea.

What characteristics of red
Moina (Moina macrocopa) is a species of plankton sizes 0.4 to 1.8 mm body have any pink. If the combined group will be plenty of red clear in water with dissolved oxygen is seldom sees how much more dark red. Moina females are larger than males. Very round body fat size of males average 1.3 mm longer than the comparatively small average size of 0.5 mm larvae out of the bag of eggs, a new brother will have size 0.22 x 0.35 mm
Moina are the two reproductive types live sex (Parthenogenesis) which all year round. Reproductive females with eggs to produce this special type called. This type of parthenogenesis egg egg Sama hospital embryonic growth without infection male for breeding. Eggs are numerous uncertainties were 5-30 eggs on average were 15 eggs, depending on the environment & the integrity of the parent. This type of egg is produced when the channel moves to hatch a gap here between the back shell body. Box & close the hatch can be opened through the hairs on the bottom two lines of the body. Eggs will hatch growth in the field, but after hatching larvae Tung formed like adults. Will even be released from the parent. So, what red-term larval food from brother to infant through (Placenta), which is located at the rear of the hatch box. Moina parent to release the ball out of the light. By moving the back of the body through the below In general, egg Moina moves in to new channels as soon as hatching larvae are first released from the parent body. Asexual reproduction method will take this continuously until the brother died Moina.
The type of sexual reproduction (sexual female) will happen in inappropriate circumstances, such as water & food shortages unsuitable climatic conditions. These factors will influence how the red switch to reproduction. In the work of this period will be Moina Moina males & females to engage in sexual reproduction in a population of Moina. Moina is a direct reproduction as the only female gender when fully mature to produce eggs, known as sexual egg or 2 eggs (one per nest eggs) look opaque Which must then be mixed with infected male embryo growth is. Simultaneously the sexual egg production is up, it will be created covering pre-built eggs. Shops are closed eggs are then mixed. When a brother red cast next ephippium egg (the egg shell) will be released from the brother & sinking in to the ground. Shell egg of Moina was created exclusively The bark is thick & has a hexagon pattern. Has the ability to resist the environment unsuitable for living well. When environmental conditions return to normal egg growth will be parthenogenesis egg again in the sexual egg that has not been degraded to the mix without having to move in to field hatch & shell eggs that are created will decay away
Moina are living longer range between 95-156 hours, & when appropriate surroundings can breed up to two models in each model will average 15 a kid.
The Lord ประ Division of Moina dry food that contains protein was about 74.095% carbohydrate, about 12.5% fat, about 10.19% & 3.47% if estimated.

Important factors. For Moina culture.
The productivity of Moina in the pond depends on several factors. Energy from sunlight is important that the various movements. In the picture progresses well Fertilizer & Food Products. Need energy from the sun. The decomposition of water to feed green It also causes plenty of other bacteria in water is added directly to food Moina. Method of photosynthesis. Use different classes of waste ammonia. Mike & carbon dioxide from other living things that occur in the pond. The properties of the water better. Moreover, the synthetic light The flow of water will increase the amount of oxygen in the water, which directly benefits Moina. Increasing water & put more green yeast can help to increase productivity of Moina are significant as well.

Moina cultured in concrete ponds.
1. Equipment.
1.1 Pond production characteristics of the cement pond. If the new venture. Cement pond used in aquaculture Moina appropriate. Ought to look oval, but if the color square cement pond located & can be used as well & pond side of Bo Bo Moina ought to apply & polish to complete. To facilitate the flow of water. Because if there is no free rotation of the water lovely. Green water is a simple sedimentation. & green water to die. This allows production of Moina less cement pond used for Moina culture ought to have the water & effluent. For ease of cultivation & harvesting, clearing Moina.
Size of the cement pond. Size of pond culture depends on how red the red to yield profit. But in the height of the pond ought to have a height of about 60 cm
1.2 Blower. In a huge nursery from 30-50 sqm. Necessary to the blowers in the nursery. Blower will cause the flow of water in the nursery. To prevent sedimentation of the water green. It also helps speed up the propagation, growth, green water faster & reduce the toxicity of the water toward Moina.
Blower for Moina culture that may constitute itself. By purchasing motor size? HP combined with the air blowers that elderly cars can be bought at the cost the store was my elderly engine Â. Cost of operation will Blower To machine not exceeding one thousand Baht
From the apparently empty air to the pipe A. placed according to the interest & then to separate the pipes for Wa Law that off. Through the air in to the drill pipe A visibly porous placed in ponds.
1.3 cloth filter to filter all the water in the nursery. Whether water is groundwater & canal water, green water is the inoculum size ought to be over 69 micron filter cloth or less time. To protect other creatures. & enemies of Moina.
1.4 Green Water is a small single cell algae. There's usually plenty of different types & have different nutritional value. The single cell algae culture Moina is chlorella sp 2.5-3.5 micron in size algae single cell protein than other protein is 64.15% of breeding by using inorganic fertilizer with organic fertilizer also. From the nursery to make the water green. Dark green will take about two days of preliminary infection green water culture From preliminary contact to the Inland Fisheries Station, Pathumthani.
1.5 Concentrated Moina Moina for species to spread. Moina ought to discover a lovely healthy condition other pink. & what ought to not have water to mix with other species.
1.6 Materials used for Moina culture.

Ami - Ami is a waste of a MSG of Aji-no-Oma table Consisting of mineral nitrogen & phosphorus 4.2% & 0.2% for both water & sediment ought to be used together in case Ami - Ami the increased precipitation ought to decrease the volume in the work of the run down. To prevent spoilage of water in the pond Moina.

Bran or meal & fish meal When the degradation is causing bacterium & fertilizer for Moina culture. Also, if used together with NPK fertilizers & other substances along with plenty of more to make the water green.

Science, including fertilizer.

- Fertilizer NPK fertilizer formula Na or 16-20-0.
- Tremendous Phosphate Fertilizer 0-46-0 formula.
- Urea fertilizer, sugar recipes, or 46-0-0.

Switch to fertilizer every science ought to be soluble up To prevent residues of fertilizer in nursery Moina.

Lime using lime in pond culture is what red is to change the pH of the water. & help to increase the amount of carbon dioxide in the water link. Toto for growth. & propagation of the green water faster. Lime ought to be used at first & then leave reiterated put in to nursery Moina.
Lime sold in the market. Usually there's plenty of types such as

1. Burn or calcium oxide (CaO).
2. Fresco or Calcium hydroxide Cal (OH) 2.
3. Lime or CaCO3.
4. Amarte cement.

Cement these aircraft will perform as plenty of come to sort the burn is less efficient.

2. Moina culture.
Moina culture that exists with the third method is a discrete & continuous increase water level
2.1 The non-continuous culture. Rice cultivation is the red harvest only two times. This culture need to have at least two ponds in the pond to flow to yield every day Non-continuous culture will be about how red & how plenty of do not think much of the enemy, because the culture in a short timeframe.
2.2 Continuous culture. Culture is harvested Moina Moina for several days in the same pond. This culture must be at least 4 Bo Bo continuous culture will be thought about enemies of the environment & Moina Moina in the nursery. Because they add organic substances. Or green water in pond water ought to be taken. & add water to the pond. To reduce the toxicity of ammonia. & other toxins. Occurring in the pond.
2.3 Moina culture as water levels increase. Moina culture is the separation of manure in to the second period in the work of each of the separate three-day period after the fertilization of the first half. Moina culture as the water level will increase to a steamed up. Oxygen in water Because high water levels. So ought to the wild weather machine to add oxygen to the pond to the needs of Moina. This culture will take several days in culture. However, the pond will yield high

The steps in the Moina culture.
1. Moina culture as discontinuous
1.1 to 50 sqm cement pond. The cleaning & Tak Bo left a day ago.
1.2 Open water pond & filter down to the level of 20 cm high water content is 10 cubic meters with dissolved fertilizer in to the pond by using the following formula or formula.

Formula 1 Ami - 5 Ami Air Na fertilizer NPK (16-20-0) 2 kg 5 kg rice bran, lime 3 kg yield of Moina to 11-13 kg per pond

Formula 2 Ami - Ami 20 liter Na fertilizer NPK (16-20-0) 1.5 kg 1.5 kg of urea (Formula Tremendous Phosphate 0-46-0) 130 g 3 kg lime production at Moina. 12.-13 kg per pond

The third formula of urea (46-0-0) kg Na fertilizer NPK (16-20-0) 1.5 kg 5 kg rice bran, lime 3 kg yield of Moina to 10-12 kg per pond

These formulas Station has started a culture of Moina from 2527-2531 without a spray air or water turbines, but how Yield was not much different.

1.3 to green water in the pond about 1.2 tons (1000-2000 L) leave about 2-3 days meanwhile, people ought to walk often. To prevent sedimentation.
1.4 After water, green & mature. Down to about 1.5-2 kg infection Moina culture Moina take about five days.

2. Moina continuous culture.
2.1 when in operation now under way in the first crop to harvest in News story 1.4 will keep Moina used only half of Moina occurred about 5-6 kg in pond
2.2 Reduce the water level to about 10 cm of water & then add the green water at 5 cm do this every day until the pond surroundings Moina Moina inappropriate or yield reduction. Temptation is to wash & start a new culture.
2.3 Production of Moina a culture crooked on Ms Moina can be harvested about 25 kg within a period of 12 days.

3. Moina cultures for increase water level
Fertilizer used in the cement pond culture Moina size 10 x 5 m 60 cm depth of pond water levels are added periodically.

Type of fertilizer Phase 1, Phase 2.
Ami - Ami 20 liter 10 liter
Na 16-20-0 fertilizer 1.5 kg 0.75 kg
Urea 46-0-0 3 kg 1.5 kg
Tremendous Phosphate 0-46-0 260 gram 130 gram
Lime 3 kg 1.5 kg
Soybean meal - Dance 1 kg 0.5 kg

1. Prepare the cement pond size 10 x 5 meters by 60 cm deep cleaning ponds. Tak Bo & to put in the air pipe.
2. To water & fertilizer with water & add about 1-2 tons of green manure & water table in each period is divided in to two stages by the two different days.
3. Moina semen to fill the pond provided well after each addition fertilizer, 3-5 kg in Stage 2 for 2 days.
4. After 2-3 days up semen Moina noticed that the water is red the whole pond. & Chlorella were walking low it can be harvested.
5. Products obtained from the experiment from the outset until the harvest. Takes about 90-10 days in pond fertilization period, will yield very high around 28-34 kg

Comparing the cost of Moina.

Cost of fertilizer
1. Ami - Ami ponds used by 30 per 35 liter board. The funds 10.50 Baht
2. Na fertilizer NPK (16-20-0) to 2.25 kg per pond per 5 U.S. $ 11.25 Amount Baht
3. Urea fertilizer NPK (46-0-0) to 4.5 kg per pond per 4 U.S. $ 18.00 Amount Baht
4. Tremendous phosphate fertilizer NPK (0-46-0) Yes 0.39 kg per pond per U.S. $ 8 amount 3.12 Baht
5. Lime the pond of 4.5 kg per 1 U.S. $ 4.50 Amount Baht
Totaling U.S. $ 47.37 (cost as of market conditions).

Cost of electricity
1. Blenders water motor 24Kw. For 30 minutes a day think funds is the second time the U.S. accounted for 10 day Funds 20 Baht
2. Pump 2 inch size for a two-hour charge amount Baht

Equipment depreciation costs.
1. DEPRECIATION cement pond 50 sqm. Think 10% per year U.S. $ 30,000 per pond construction period for 10 day, funds 82.19 Baht


Guppy fish breeding.

Guppy fish breeding.
Guppy fish breeding in order to trade it. Factors that make businesses successful or not. In addition to breeding & fish. Broodstock husbandry methods. Choice of breeding fish & nursing is thought about a factor at all, but no less significant than each other. This was mentioned factors. The following.

Feeding guppy fish breeding.
Guppy fish due to fish growth to reproductive age, when only two months. When fish to separate gender (male, age 1-2 months) ought to separate sex party in order to prevent the breeding fish friendly. This will cause the fish from the breeding friendly. Quality in design & shape is not exactly as they wanted.
The guppy fish for broodstock ought to be raised in areas where the sunlight in the morning or evening. If the party ought to open mesh shade to transmit only 25-40% for both culture vessels to sink cabinet glass, cement, or water used ought to be water without raising chlorine The pH (pH) 6.5-7.5 (the pH optimum is 6.8 guppy fish with oxygen dissolved in water no less than 5 ppm. (The tool ought to increase oxygen in the water on a regular basis) asperity water 75-100 ppm. The pH 100-200 ppm. & the water temperature 25-29 C.
Fish guppy fish that can eat both plants & animals (Omin vorous) in rearing breeder is feeding scrap fish small as larvae Moina (Moina), brown (Artemia) or larvae Red (Chrionomus) in images with any life or death. Or may be fed with different foods. Protein has at least 40% of the food. Before feeding each food be soaked in potassium permanganate concentration 500-1000 ppm (0.5 to 1.0 g per 1 liter of water) for 10-20 seconds to kill pathogens attached bacteria attached to food & then washed with water. tidy again. Amount of food per day ought to be 10% of the weight or amount of fish that eat fish to feed one time a day in the morning & evening. If the fish eat food left out & ought to be left to suck out. Of a dry day ought to be 2-4% of body weight, the amount of fish or fish to eat each day ought to be one time as well.
The water ought to be taken to do all day Cabinet bottom sediment by suction & vacuum to tidy water per day in the cabinet? The amount of water in the aquarium & the water level as the original.

Observation of sex guppy fish.
Observation of fish in the guppy sex. Observable because fish peacock female & male look different as clearly.
  1. The size & length of the tail Males have tail fins & colorful than the female fish, although the body size of males is even shorter.
  2. Observe the colorful fish. Normal male guppy fish are colorful than the female guppy fish. While the fish swim fins to extend the flap back & forth to attract the attention of female fish.
  3. Guppy fish are male sexual organs (gonopcdium) filed notice long out clearly. & males will try to swim, fish female band on a regular basis. The female fish when the stomach is inflated the outstretched & will meet up at the Pan black stomach of breeding. The more fish more noticeable.
  4. Guppy fish breeding. ADR is a fish guppy fish is a pretty pup. Or arrange them as fish that are mixed within the body (intermal fetilization) males will insert the body helps to breed (gonopodium) in to the female reproductive organs of fish. Infection with the release of sperm in to eggs mixed with males are left inside the ovaries of female fish. & can survive for very long. May cause issues in breeding fish, guppy. Since this residual infection. The breeding is necessary to separate rearing fish breeder & breeder To prevent mixing of sire did not need. Therefore, after the female fish that are then mixed to leave one by Eooucrnou take 28-30 days & female fish can provide an additional Eooucrnou. Without mixing with males as the first. Since the residues involved males in lots of female fish.

Choice of broodstock.
To choose males to breeding females. Ought to choose fish aged 3 months to look ideal body & fins. Shape proportional strength is not disabled swimming actively The pretty colors & patterns. Males will look different from females. Direct help in the reproductive organs is called the conversion from the gonopdium rays. Males & females ought to look the same color & pattern. Or similar as feasible. To get a fish that looks not much variation. Sometimes the chosen color & texture characteristics of female fish may have difficulties. Because color & pattern is not apparent as males. Ways to enhance the color & pattern to see clearly in female fish. Completed by dipping solution hormones Methyl Tesco temp Ter Rhône (Methyl tesosterone) concentration 0.1 ppm 2 drops in to the subject won a fish female an efficient scale 3.5 liters of fish a body & fill solution Methin.Aroma of State. An additional 2 drops per day, which color will appear within four weeks after the choice of female fish as desired. To quickly scoop fish out of solution immediately hormones. If soaked long because the fish are sterile.

Guppy fish breeding.
When chosen males & females. The characteristics mentioned above, the party put together in a container provided for Breeding. Then put together in a culture container prepared for breeding. This is a concrete basin. Or the glass cabinet. The rate of the second male to the female fish, release the fifth in the ratio of male fish, females 10 to 25 the area of a square meter.
After release males & females together. When fish are breeding together. Males will be available closer to the female fish. & will release the semen through the help of reproductive organs (Gonopodium) stored in the oviduct (Ovduct) of female fish. (The males sperm is stored in the oviduct for up to 8 months) after semen mixed with eggs in its stomach & females. It takes longer stay in the stomach is about 22-30 days to hatch in to a. After the eggs are mixed with sperm & then to notice that the stomach of female fish will swell up inflation. & the observation that the swollen stomach of the fish from the four female elephants to fully turn over the fish if it is innocent, called "Gravid spot" female fish raised in separate containers to the other in the coursework of the shallow water. & aquatic plants for the fish is hiding. When it is fully developed larvae born from the brother fish & opening the abdomen (Vent) emissions from brother to fry fish & then scoop out the parent fish to prevent brother to eat fish fry emerging. Larvae of each litter may contain up to 200 depending on the size of the parent fish. But on average the addition will be about 40-50 places. Containers for fish paste for kindergarten ought to have a sun roof & rain to prevent changes in the environment such as changes in water temperature, pH of fish larvae due to emerging resistance to the environment has changed small. The larvae may cause weakness & disease basically.

Nursing fry
Guppy fish gradually emerging the next larger size. In the first phase can Moina or brine listening to new food by the amount of fish could eat a day 2 meals in the morning & dinner for about 2 weeks then transferred to culture the larvae or diet is. Every day must see cabinet bottom sediment & food particles remaining in the cabinet to suck out with the wastewater to about one quarter of the cabinet & then added to the original level. When fish are aged about 1-2 months ought to separate party sex to prevent males chase the female fish, which causes the fish grow more slowly than normal.

Guppy fish culture.
Step 1.
Prepare cement pond size 1-4 sqm. In deep water 30-50 cm Add to Cart bush rope or Fa Chi. To fry the fish are hiding.
Step 2.
Chosen the same parent fish species. The color look better around 4-6 months elderly males chosen. Body grow strong & giant dorsal fin tail outspread Dark bright pretty The female fish chosen the same strain males grow strong agile body caudal fin dark & bright drop in the rate of 120-180 / m in proportion male: female was 1: 3 or 1: 4. In the coursework of the breeding Moina as food in the morning. As well as a delicatessen in the evening female fish have been mixed & are seen as the black stomach.
Step 3.
After breeding parent fish are about 26-28 days to fish larvae have happened & hiding the materials placed in the pond. To collect the fish in the pond every day kindergarten accumulated about 4-5 days / fish ponds to provide a similar size. The drop in fish density from 140 to 300 fish / m³ in the first phase of Moina as food in the morning & evening every day for a period of four weeks after it's completed feeding. Fry until the age of two weeks, a period that starts to separate gender. The female fish, observe the black hole open abdominal area. The males. Coming from the top of the slender shape than females.
Step 4.
Sizing & separation sex fish Be raised in separate ponds the rate of 200-300 / m Moina as food to eat in the morning, afternoon & evening to eat foods for a period of two months culture (fish age of 4 months).
Step 5.
About 4 months elderly guppy fish are sizing & choice of fish at full strength. In order to stay pond fish culture in preparation for sending to distribution.

Guppy fish breeding techniques.
In breeding fish. To get a fish that looks nice. The hatchery fish ought to make use of the following principles.
  1. To be chosen by fish breeder By a fish breeder that looks pretty & healthy fish breeder chosen a variety to be chosen when the fish are 3-4 months elderly guppy fish females are mixed. If chosen the older fish breeding. Female fish may be involved males that do not need to be left behind in the ovary. Can not control the quality of fish ought to therefore be chosen fish breeder when a young age. To get pure breeding.
  2. After selecting & breeding fish. To be isolated from fish breeder males. To prevent the fish before the age mix is poor.
  3. To be chosen breeder fish that looks as you like. Prepared to be released with female fish. By using a male guppy fish, the fish the female 2-3.
  4. When the brother left, fish breeding & fish breeding & raising the total. Note the stomach of the fish breeder If the fish were breeding Dgoongpooong bulge & dark spots visible. The isolated female fish raised in nursery cabinet immediately. To keep away from disturbance to breeding fish. When produce & fish breeding. To separate fish breeder immediately. It may eat fish breeder has his own kids. Or they may be growing algae in the water, wood cabinet breeding time. Guppy fish to hide any enemies. Guppy fish is born Eooucrnou the one about 40-50.
  5. In the first stage of the nursing fish fry Moina ought to be feeding them. & controlling the temperature between 20-25 degrees Celsius, which will permit fish to eat nice food & speedy growing.
  6. they ought to eye antibiotics Consulting ¤ Ta Lin. New First Call chloride RAM every time the water transfer. & then after transferring water. Ought to add salt to the water at all times.
  7. When the fish were 3-4 months ought to be isolated fish & fish sex female separate. Together to prevent breeding of fish from fish breeder undesirable.

Guppy fish breeding issues.
In guppy fish breeding. Has seen lots of issues. Because the fish looks much variance. Cause fish guppy looks. Inferior fish breeder fish breeding due to
  1. Fish breeder breeder The fish from the same litter. If the fish does not separate sex from fish aged 3-4 months may be an issue mixing time in the same litter. When the battery mixed parentage close Will permit customers to have the recessive down indefinitely.
  2. Fish through breeding females from males ago Are involved in the males, although the residues in the fish breeder is to breed beauty. What I fail. Infection because the elderly is still in female fish. The fish are not desired.
  3. Fish breeder & breeder quality is not nice Since culture techniques & kindergarten guppy fish is not nice .
  4. Fish friendly blend of breeding. From the guppy fish produce a litter. When brought together party may breed each other. Because guppy fish grow faster. Need to quickly separate the fish before mixing friendly.


Culture propagation of aquatic plants.

Culture propagation of aquatic plants.

Aquatic plants or aquatic plants (Aquatic Plants) refers to plants that depend on water may be awash in whole or in part pop up above the water. Or more plants along the waterfront is male bank also includes plants that grow in the watershed area of the detention or wet.

The current aquarium fish are often decorated with water plants together with the fish. To be classified as a contemporary cabinet & it is most natural. Because of the natural surroundings. Aquatic plants & fish can live together Planting decorative aquatic plants in the aquarium are not only more stunning. Vivacity to the aquarium & then. Aquatic plants & fish are beneficial to each other. The aquatic plants will help to excrete waste from the fish Used as fertilizer for the growth. & the carbon dioxide gas. The fish do not require Resulting from the photosynthesis of aquatic plants in the aquarium will be the oxygen gas, fish used in the next breath. From the beginning of the aquatic plants aquarium plants that are more stunning. Development until the garden is a work of art under the water. Offering a brand spanking new type of hobby happens. & has been popular around the globe.
Aquatic plants are cultured for aquarium plants. Aquatic plants & gardens have over 250 species of aquatic plants stunning most popular in the country originated in the tropics. Such as countries in North Africa. North & South The united states. & Southeast Asia, Thailand is a tropical source water plants stunning popular variety. Moreover, Thailand's geographical spread appropriate for various aquatic plants. It not only aquatic plants in Thailand, only to be scattered. Aquatic plants in several different types of imported can spread species growing well in Thailand This group of plants can be classified according to the water below the leaves.
  1. Plant groups with different leaves from around the base are from genus Aponogeton, nubias, Crytocoryne, Crinum, Nymphea, Echinodorus Vallisneria & so on.
  2. Group plants according to the birth certificate. Type popular & growing well in the cabinet, including funds Cabomba, Hygrophila, Alternanthera, Nomaphila, Egeria, Ludwigia, Bacopa, Myriophyllum, Rotala & Ammannia etc.
  3. Other groups as they float on the water chestnut were crippled position of the group is very popular fern leaves & long roots group of black moss. Very popular is Java Moss.
Today has been developed to culture aquatic plants. & breeding. Causing aquatic plants that are similar shape & lots of different colors. Water production plants are either planted on the ground as before is in the open. & housing development in close The expertise of plant propagation methods, such as land use & manipulation. To make definite production quality. & volume. In speedy time. Fish Research Institute & now a stunning place Aquarium has brought the techniques of tissue culture used to water plants bred genus Cryptocoryne some that are collected from nature. Sold for export to lots of foreign countries.
Culture propagation of aquatic plants.
Aquatic plants can propagate in several ways. Crop land are similar.
  1. The propagation of a live sex By using such seeds Saneayr, Chaba, Am Mania, Amazon, & Ruby.
  2. The propagation of non-resident sex
1. Propagation by forming spores. Such as black root length & leaf water ferns.
2. Propagation by using different parts of the plant are.
Stem - the stem & cut between an implant surface soil & small pebbles, such as Am Mania, Robert Talal, or Ruby, ขาไก่, algae Chat, Den Za Algae, Algae soft silk, Liu, water, candle drippings & field Sapphire etc.
Rhizome shoot shoulder - the separation from the young shoots arise from rhizomes shoulder to grow on the ground or floor Nu A grit as a beer, dress Maria Ta Chi, tape, Logitech Lotus BUSINESS licking & differentiation.
Aquatic plants growing in the field bred.
  1. To grow as an amphibian. The most common aquatic plants will prosper & breed well in marsh Most aquatic plants are stunning plants male water & bred in the field will be planted with plant materials, soil or gravel is small. Stem from the floodwater. Bo Bo cement plant may be short or pick up a light camouflage netting about 40-60% depending on the type of aquatic plants. Springer drip method. Or use the shower water periodically. Allows moisture Add manure or fertilizer science
  2. Growing plants without soil water. Were grown in pots like a small plastic basket. The planting material is asbestos (Rock wool), which features water surroundings. Soft rot is not simple. Not coherent. Aquatic plants cultivated in pots are immersed in a water pond or pickup. The fertilizer is added to the water.
  3. Planting aquatic plants underwater in a pond. This method is used to water plants bred to grow algae such as seaweed Class Chat. Algae soft silk Den Za algae. By cutting the stems grow embroidery materials preserved in the clay Cold & then over to sales. Or plant tape. In the gravel well as planting materials. Tape to remove the side break from a brand spanking new birth certificate.
Planting aquatic plants for development. Most cultured in housing (Green house) which will control moisture, light & fertilizer automatically. To prevent insect pests. Cropping method is often used to grow without soil in a pot, like a small basket using plant material Rock wool. Most plants from tissue culture. As simple to work Can decide the exact amount. & cleanliness.
Aquatic plants growing in ponds or water preserved.
Aquatic plants from a converted crop amphibians. Most will need to be preserved in water, Pak to stem & leaves are changing color & shape to the more delicate beauty. Planting aquatic plants in pond Or called the Nam Cham steps.
1. The Pond.
  • Insert a small, 2-3 mm gravel to wash in to the tidy water storage ponds. If rock is not tidy, the water turbidity To catch sediment that leaves deface & can not be held in the aquarium. Add thick gravel 3-4 inches.
  • Add the water level about 30 cm high, the water level of gravel. & water to tidy.
2. Implantation
  • The cold balance of aquatic plants from early sister Lengths, as needed, but the water must have a 2-3 as any cut to about 5-6 items.
  • Cold item leaves the bottom to root out the article If leaves are not cold. Application of an under gravel, the water will rot or the slob
  • Planting water plants in the gravel to separate moderate To provide space in the growth of leaves & then adding water to tidy more gravel until the high water level 50-60 cm
  • Leave it about 7-15 days when the leaves are growing. Change shape & colorful. With nice germination & root are used to sell or grow plants in aquarium
3. The transfer of water & fertilizer plants in the pond water.
  • Taken water at least two times a week in about 30% to tidy water & aquatic plants are other minerals in fertilizer but has no water. In addition, new planting aquatic plants ought to always wash thoroughly before putting gravel down to fresh-water.
  • Fertilizer two times a week, NPK water soluble fertilizer such as 25-5-5 or 30-20-10 formula in the amount of 5 - 15 PPM. (5 - 15 grams per 1,000 liters of water) after fertilization, to put up. fresh-water & then 2-3 days as the water taken every Monday & fertilizer every Wednesday.
  • Add carbon dioxide to the gas plant to be used in the system photosynthesize The addition of carbon dioxide in to the box, put in quarantine pond.
Factors influencing the growth of aquatic plants.
  1. Planting materials (soil or gravel size 2-3 mg / L).
  2. Light (40-60%).
  3. Dioxide gas in water (5-15 mg / L).
  4. Or fertilizer nutrients (such as fertilizer or 27-17-10 NPK formula 25-5-5,30-20-10 rate concentration 5 - 15 PPM. The categories of aquatic plants, frequency of fertilization, a -. two weeks at a time).
  5. Turbidity of the water clear. (Water must be tidy).
  6. The temperature of water (25-29 degrees C).
  7. Hardness (75-150 mg / L).
  8. The pH of the water (pH 6.5 - 7.4).
  9. Moisture (nice growth in high affection).
Tissue culture aquatic plants.
Current tissue culture aquatic plants play a role tremendously. In industrial production & international distribution aquatic plants. Manufacturer & exporter of aquatic plants in the world. Danish example. Tissue culture techniques in the production of aquatic plants up to 90 percent by the benefits of expertise to culture aquatic plants are.
  1. To produce plants that have massive amounts of water. In short time. Based diets that can increase the number from a multiple instance beginning from the early varieties a beginning & to move tissue per month two times, over time, two months to produce aquatic plants in bottles up to 1 million from which no solution. the other to produce the volume & speed like this
  2. For the production of sterile species. The production of a sterile system. As well as selected pieces of tissue with the risk of contamination of germs least Water production plants that will tidy disease-free according to the international market.
  3. For breeding by induced mutation Then select the best strains. Which may be completed by using chemicals & radiation. Editing varieties. & transfer genes.
  4. To preserve the species. The tissue culture of food containing the compound of slow growth substances. To save time, labor & food until the desire to breed when it will move in to cultured in normal medium.